EF 8 Urban and Regional Inequalities
Urban and regional inequalities are the spatial manifestation of social inequalities at the scale of the city or the wider city-region. Their spatial appearance results from selective processes that locate different social groups and activities in spatial settings with different historical origins and socio-cultural dynamics. These processes include the division of labour, integration into and exclusion from the labour market, mitigating redistributive effects of the welfare state and from mutual support in socio-spatial networks. The nature, the magnitude and the spatial configuration of these inequalities affect social relations in cities.